Explainer: Mobile Biometrics

Mobile biometrics refers to the deployment of biometric authentication methods on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Use cases for mobile biometrics include securing sensitive data on personal or corporate mobile devices such as enterprise or financial information, providing physical access to corporate facilities and providing mobile identity management tools to national security and law enforcement agencies. Over the past few years, mobile devices have become a key computing platform, transforming how people access business and personal information. Access

Explainer: Finger Vein Recognition

Finger vein recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses pattern recognition techniques based on images of human finger vein patterns beneath the skin’s surface. Finger vein recognition is used to identify individuals and to verify their identity. Finger vein recognition is a biometric authentication system that matches the vascular pattern in an individual’s finger to previously obtained data. Hitachi developed and patented a finger vein identification system in 2005. The technology is mainly used for credit card authentication,

Explainer: Footprint identification

Footprint identification is the measurement of footprint features for recognizing the identity of a user. A footprint is a universal and easy way to capture a personal “identifier” which does not change much over time. Footprint-based measurements constitutes one of many new possibilities to realize biometric authentication.  It is an experimental technology that is currently under development at a number of universities and research institutes. Footprint identification is projected to become a new emerging alternative to access control in wellness

Explainer: Healthcare and Medical Biometrics

Healthcare biometrics refers to biometric applications in doctors’ offices, hospitals, or for use in monitoring patients. This can include access control, identification, workforce management or patient record storage. Many hospitals and healthcare organizations are currently deploying biometric security architecture. Secure identification is critical in the health care system, both to control logical access to centralized archives of digitized patients’ data, and to limit physical access to buildings and hospital wards, and to authenticate medical and social support personnel. There is

Explainer: Gait Recognition

Gait recognition is a behavioral biometric modality that identifies people based on their unique walking pattern. In comparison with other first-generation biometric modalities that include fingerprint and iris recognition, gait has the advantage of being unobtrusive, in that it requires no subject contact. Gait recognition is based on the notion that each person has a distinctive and idiosyncratic way of walking, which can easily be discerned from a biomechanic viewpoint.  Human movement does consist of synchronized movements of hundreds of

Explainer: Rapid DNA technology

The introduction of “Rapid DNA” technology will revolutionize the practice of forensics. The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is currently running a “Rapid DNA” initiative to develop commercial instruments capable of producing a CODIS-compatible DNA profile within two hours and to integrate those instruments effectively within the existing CODIS structure to search unsolved crimes while an “arrestee” is in police custody during the booking process. Rapid DNA describes a fully automated process of developing a “CODIS Core short tandem

Explainer: DNA and DNA Profiling

Among various possible biometric modalities, DNA provides the most reliable personal identification. It is intrinsically digital, and does not change during a person’s life or at the time of their death. Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses. In the human body, DNA, which can be thought of as the blueprint of biological design, is folded inside the nucleus of each cell. It

Explainer: Facial Thermography

In the mid-1990s, it was demonstrated by scientist Francine J. Prokoski that facial thermograms are unique to individuals, and that methods and systems for positive biometric identification using facial thermograms could be developed. Thermograms, generally, are visual displays of the amount of infrared energy emitted, transmitted, and reflected by an object, which are then converted into a temperature, and displayed as an image of temperature distribution. Infrared energy, and infrared light itself, is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those

Explainer: Retinal Scan Technology

Developed in the 1980s, retinal scanning is one of the most well-known biometric technologies, but it is also one of the least deployed. Retinal scans map the unique patterns of a person’s retina. The blood vessels within the retina absorb light more readily than the surrounding tissue and are easily identified with appropriate lighting. A retinal scan is performed by casting an unperceived beam of low-energy infrared light into a person’s eye as they look through the scanner’s eyepiece. This

Explainer: What is a Biometric Screening?

A biometric screening is an important component of a comprehensive health and wellness program wherein corporations measure their employees’ blood pressure, cholesterol levels, triglycerides, and blood glucose. Due to Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations, employers in the United States cannot take blood measurements without having an independent firm such as a wellness company or health screening organization perform the testing. For employers, biometric screenings provide important baseline data to shape the direction of their corporate wellness program.