Explainer: Biometric ATMs

Biometric ATMs are self-service automated teller machines (ATMs), or cash machines, that use a biometric measure to identify customers and allow them to withdraw cash. Biometric authentication may be the only customer identifier used, or it may be used in conjunction with another format, such as a payment card, a mobile device or an additional security credential, such as a PIN. The biometric measures used generally include palm or finger vein print biometrics, although they may also include other functionalities

Explainer: Gesture recognition

Gesture recognition has been defined as the mathematical interpretation of a human motion by a computing device.  Gestures can originate from any bodily motion or state but commonly originate from the face or hand. Ideally, gesture recognition enables humans to communicate with machines and interact naturally without any mechanical intermediaries.  Utilizing sensors that detect body motion, gesture recognition makes it possible to control devices such as televisions, computers and video games, primarily with hand or finger movement. With this technology

Explainer: Mobile Biometrics

Mobile biometrics refers to the deployment of biometric authentication methods on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Use cases for mobile biometrics include securing sensitive data on personal or corporate mobile devices such as enterprise or financial information, providing physical access to corporate facilities and providing mobile identity management tools to national security and law enforcement agencies. Over the past few years, mobile devices have become a key computing platform, transforming how people access business and personal information. Access

Explainer: Finger Vein Recognition

Finger vein recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses pattern recognition techniques based on images of human finger vein patterns beneath the skin’s surface. Finger vein recognition is used to identify individuals and to verify their identity. Finger vein recognition is a biometric authentication system that matches the vascular pattern in an individual’s finger to previously obtained data. Hitachi developed and patented a finger vein identification system in 2005. The technology is mainly used for credit card authentication,

Explainer: Footprint identification

Footprint identification is the measurement of footprint features for recognizing the identity of a user. A footprint is a universal and easy way to capture a personal “identifier” which does not change much over time. Footprint-based measurements constitutes one of many new possibilities to realize biometric authentication.  It is an experimental technology that is currently under development at a number of universities and research institutes. Footprint identification is projected to become a new emerging alternative to access control in wellness

Explainer: Healthcare and Medical Biometrics

Healthcare biometrics refers to biometric applications in doctors’ offices, hospitals, or for use in monitoring patients. This can include access control, identification, workforce management or patient record storage. Many hospitals and healthcare organizations are currently deploying biometric security architecture. Secure identification is critical in the health care system, both to control logical access to centralized archives of digitized patients’ data, and to limit physical access to buildings and hospital wards, and to authenticate medical and social support personnel. There is

Explainer: Gait Recognition

Gait recognition is a behavioral biometric modality that identifies people based on their unique walking pattern. In comparison with other first-generation biometric modalities that include fingerprint and iris recognition, gait has the advantage of being unobtrusive, in that it requires no subject contact. Gait recognition is based on the notion that each person has a distinctive and idiosyncratic way of walking, which can easily be discerned from a biomechanic viewpoint.  Human movement does consist of synchronized movements of hundreds of

Explainer: Rapid DNA technology

The introduction of “Rapid DNA” technology will revolutionize the practice of forensics. The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is currently running a “Rapid DNA” initiative to develop commercial instruments capable of producing a CODIS-compatible DNA profile within two hours and to integrate those instruments effectively within the existing CODIS structure to search unsolved crimes while an “arrestee” is in police custody during the booking process. Rapid DNA describes a fully automated process of developing a “CODIS Core short tandem

Explainer: DNA and DNA Profiling

Among various possible biometric modalities, DNA provides the most reliable personal identification. It is intrinsically digital, and does not change during a person’s life or at the time of their death. Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses. In the human body, DNA, which can be thought of as the blueprint of biological design, is folded inside the nucleus of each cell. It

Explainer: Facial Thermography

In the mid-1990s, it was demonstrated by scientist Francine J. Prokoski that facial thermograms are unique to individuals, and that methods and systems for positive biometric identification using facial thermograms could be developed. Thermograms, generally, are visual displays of the amount of infrared energy emitted, transmitted, and reflected by an object, which are then converted into a temperature, and displayed as an image of temperature distribution. Infrared energy, and infrared light itself, is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those