Explainer: Keystroke recognition

Keystroke recognition has been defined by both industry and academics as the process of measuring and assessing a typing rhythm on digital devices, including on: computer keyboards, mobile phones, and touch screen panels. A noted typing measurement, keystroke recognition, often called “keystroke dynamics”, refers to the detailed timing information that describes exactly when each key was pressed on a digital device and when it was released as a person types. Though biometrics tend to rely on physical traits like fingerprint

A primer on voice biometrics

This is a guest post by Steve Hoffman, CEO of SayPay Technologies, Inc. Overview Speech recognition services like Apple’s Siri and OK Google have become convenient alternatives to the tedious, frustrating and time-consuming effort of keying data into mobile phones. Speech recognition has been around for years and include products like Dragon (Nuance), Cortana, (Microsoft) and Alexa (Amazon). So it’s natural for people to think the terms speech and voice recognition are synonymous. Speech recognition is the exercise of using

Explainer: Multi-factor authentication

Multi-factor authentication is a method of multi-faceted access control which a user can pass by successfully presenting authentication factors from at least two of the three categories: • knowledge factors (“things only the user knows”), such as passwords or passcodes; • possession factors (“things only the user has”), such as ATM cards or hardware tokens; and • inherence factors (“things only the user is”), such as biometrics Knowledge factors are the most commonly used form of authentication. In this form,

What are biometrics?

Biometrics Research Group, Inc. defines biometrics as measurable physical and behavioral characteristics that enable the establishment and verification of an individual’s identity. Biometrics is the process by which a person’s unique physical and other traits are detected and recorded by an electronic device or system as a means of confirming identity. The term “biometrics” derives from the word “biometry”, which refers to the statistical analysis of biological observations and phenomena. Since biometric identifiers are unique to individuals, they are more

Explainer: Gesture recognition

Gesture recognition has been defined as the mathematical interpretation of a human motion by a computing device.  Gestures can originate from any bodily motion or state but commonly originate from the face or hand. Ideally, gesture recognition enables humans to communicate with machines and interact naturally without any mechanical intermediaries.  Utilizing sensors that detect body motion, gesture recognition makes it possible to control devices such as televisions, computers and video games, primarily with hand or finger movement. With this technology

Explainer: Finger Vein Recognition

Finger vein recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses pattern recognition techniques based on images of human finger vein patterns beneath the skin’s surface. Finger vein recognition is used to identify individuals and to verify their identity. Finger vein recognition is a biometric authentication system that matches the vascular pattern in an individual’s finger to previously obtained data. Hitachi developed and patented a finger vein identification system in 2005. The technology is mainly used for credit card authentication,

Explainer: Footprint identification

Footprint identification is the measurement of footprint features for recognizing the identity of a user. A footprint is a universal and easy way to capture a personal “identifier” which does not change much over time. Footprint-based measurements constitutes one of many new possibilities to realize biometric authentication.  It is an experimental technology that is currently under development at a number of universities and research institutes. Footprint identification is projected to become a new emerging alternative to access control in wellness

Explainer: Gait Recognition

Gait recognition is a behavioral biometric modality that identifies people based on their unique walking pattern. In comparison with other first-generation biometric modalities that include fingerprint and iris recognition, gait has the advantage of being unobtrusive, in that it requires no subject contact. Gait recognition is based on the notion that each person has a distinctive and idiosyncratic way of walking, which can easily be discerned from a biomechanic viewpoint.  Human movement does consist of synchronized movements of hundreds of

Explainer: DNA and DNA Profiling

Among various possible biometric modalities, DNA provides the most reliable personal identification. It is intrinsically digital, and does not change during a person’s life or at the time of their death. Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses. In the human body, DNA, which can be thought of as the blueprint of biological design, is folded inside the nucleus of each cell. It

Explainer: Facial Thermography

In the mid-1990s, it was demonstrated by scientist Francine J. Prokoski that facial thermograms are unique to individuals, and that methods and systems for positive biometric identification using facial thermograms could be developed. Thermograms, generally, are visual displays of the amount of infrared energy emitted, transmitted, and reflected by an object, which are then converted into a temperature, and displayed as an image of temperature distribution. Infrared energy, and infrared light itself, is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those