Digital identity gets mediocre marks in annual progress report
Internet of Things devices are largely unsecure and challenging or impossible to harden, and a skills shortage remains, but progress is being made towards the possible elimination of passwords, according to the 2019 Digital Identity Progress Report from cybersecurity publication Infosec Pro.
The report notes that many of the internet’s top sites are now offering multi-factor authentication, but passwords are still required as the first step.
“(E)nd user education and familiarity with something other than a password during login, must surely be the first steps to getting ridding of them entirely,” the report says, giving “Passwordless” a B- grade. “2018 also saw the rise of WebAuthn – the W3C standards based (sic) approach for crypto based challenge response authentication. Could this hopefully accelerate adoption to a password-free world?”
API Protection is given a C+, as fine-grained controls, token revocation, and rotation are not yet mature, according to the report. Microservices protection gets a B-, with side car and inflight/proxy approaches to traffic introspection and security enforcement, as well as stateless OAuth2 identified as reasons for optimism.
IoT security gets a C-, as default credentials, hard-coded keys, un-upgradeable firmware, lack of support for HTTPS or access token storage are all very common. Infosec Pro gives User Consent Management a B-, citing GDPR, but also points out that consent is often a simple matter of box-ticking as a public relations measure, and wonders: “will the end user be ever truly in control of their data?”
The report concludes that each area could improve by a grade in the next 18 to 24 months, with improving knowledge, standards maturity, and technology. The skills shortage that applies generally to cybersecurity is also a challenge for digital identity, however, and with new threats emerging and a need to balance security against usability, improvement is far from guaranteed.
Industry experts recently showed a similar mix of concern and optimism in sharing their thoughts on the online identity landscape.