Perspectives on biometrics and smart borders from Frost and Sullivan in new reports
Biometric fingerprint and facial recognition are the top drivers of the global biometrics market following their extensive deployment in government and commercial sectors for identification, verification and authentication, says the Global Biometrics Market, Forecast to 2024 released by Frost & Sullivan.
The highest revenue and biometric applicability are noticed in government projects in Asia-Pacific (APAC) and Latin America, while interest in mature markets is driven by border security and law enforcement. A spike in commercial applications is noted, as a result of mobile biometrics which are facilitating biometric authentication for online payments and logical access control, among other digital applications.
APAC is the fastest growing market because consumers in this region are more open to embrace biometric solutions, unlike other regions where the technology faces harsh criticism due to data privacy regulations. In APAC, however, biometric systems are booming in eCommerce and online retail. Biometric modalities have successfully been integrated with e-passports, digital ID, and digital licenses in different countries around the world.
Behavioral biometrics, palm vein biometrics, 3D facial recognition and artificial intelligence-based biometrics are becoming more popular, as they deliver enhanced accuracy and better response times. This creates the need for vendors to invest efforts in interoperability and usability. In the next year, cloud and edge-based authentication solutions and multimodal biometrics will take up most technology vendors’ budgets.
How smart border management can leverage technology to ensure national security
According to Frost & Sullivan, the global border protection market is forecast to grow to $168 billion by 2025, expanding at a CAGR of 7 percent, growth drive by investment in key technologies such as autonomous UAS (UAV and UGV), counter UAS systems, remote weapon stations, software-defined radios, maritime analytics, predictive analytics and integrated C4ISR System.
Technology can have great contribution to smart border management as traditional analog borders are transforming into digital borders, writes Himanshu Garg, Industry Principal with Frost & Sullivan’s MEASA region Aerospace & Defense Practice.
Each country has a different need for border security, and depending on type of terrain, threat perception and border type, it needs customized solutions to ensure national security.
A smart border management system that delivers 360-degree protection can handle threats such as hybrid warfare, satellite and drone attacks, and cyberattacks that could be easily launched by terrorist from a remote location. The drone attack on the Saudi Aramco facility, Gard writes, is a pertinent example of the catastrophic effects that may happen.
Technology such as perimeter security sensors, radars/sonars, C4ISR systems, digital intelligence and predictive analysis tools could detect and prevent external attacks. By implementing intelligence collection mechanisms, governments can collect insights to come up with preventive measures. A strong response mechanism such unmanned ground vehicles and remote weapon stations can prevent intrusion events. Mission-critical communication can be protected with a strong encryption mechanism and exclusive waveforms.
Ports of entry such as airports, seaports and land ports need sophisticated security mechanisms for identity check, immigration, baggage screening and physical security, while artificial intelligence and machine learning-based maritime analytics can secure coastal borders and seaports through advanced reporting on suspicious threats.
All efforts need to be augmented by a comprehensive, national cybersecurity system that identifies system threats and vulnerabilities. These measures and technologies will assist the advancement of digital borders and will provide real-time analysis and insights about suspicious activity detected at the border.