FB pixel

Amazon argues Alexa terms of service undercut biometric privacy claims as BIPA defenses considered

Amazon argues Alexa terms of service undercut biometric privacy claims as BIPA defenses considered

The terms of service provided by Amazon for its voice assistant Alexa specify the company’s policies for use and storage of biometric information, satisfying the written notification requirements of Illinois’ Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA), according to an argument reported by Bloomberg Law.

Amazon has argued that due to the notification, plus a lack of standing in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, means the claims against them should either be dismissed or sent to arbitration. The company claims that as Amazon and Alexa customers, the plaintiffs agreed to arbitrate any dispute over its products or services.

Plaintiffs have alleged that Amazon does not have a data-retention policy for Alexa, and retains voice recordings for biometric analysis without the written permission required under BIPA.

The suit was filed earlier this year, and Amazon began filing arguments for its dismissal in September.

Defense strategies considered

A blog posted to law firm Dykema’s The Firewall reviews some of the arguments deployed by BIPA defendants, and finds a challenging situation for them, with a glimmer of hope for some.

Facebook’s rejected argument that its machine learning models do not use face geometry in its facial recognition is one such argument considered. Some defendants have argued that their biometric processes are based on photographs, which are specifically excepted in BIPA, they are legal, but the court has rejected the argument, in the case of Shutterfly, despite recognizing the logic behind it, saying that it did not provide the necessary context to support such a narrow interpretation of BIPA, according to Dykema associate and registered patent attorney Matthew Hays.

The court decided in a case involving Facebook that the photograph exception applies only to paper (or physical) prints, not digitized images. Similarly, in a case involving Google, a District Court determined that BIPA applied to biometric identifiers derived from photographs, even if it does not apply to the photographs themselves, leaning on the distinction between ‘biometric information’ and ‘biometric identifiers,’ both of which are covered under the Act.

Hays believes the court ruling in Rivera v. Google Inc. requires plaintiffs to differentiate between what counts as both biometric information and identifier and what counts only as an identifier to avoid the broader exceptions of the biometric information clause.

“All of this leads to the conclusion that the interpretation of BIPA has adapted to maximize its reach, even with technologies and arguments unknown at the time of its passage,” Hays writes.

The terms of service defense used by Amazon is not included, but seems to represent a novel strategy not available to most defendants, who face claims brought by employees rather than customers.

New BIPA suits cut from same cloth, but with a wrinkle

Sky Chefs and a Wingstop franchisee are among the latest companies operating in Illinois to be hit with potential class action suits for subjecting their employees to biometric time and attendance checks, allegedly without fulfilling the informed consent requirements of the Illinois’ law, according to separate reports by Bloomberg Law and Law360.

In the case of Sky Chefs, an additional element is that the plaintiff alleges he was required to clock in for shifts five or six minutes ahead of time, which has accumulated in over 100 hours of unpaid overtime, according to the allegations. The informed consent allegation in that case is that the plaintiff was not provided a data retention policy or told his biometric data was being disclosed to third-party vendors.

In the Wingstop case, it is alleged that no written permission was obtained from employees.

Article Topics

 |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 

Latest Biometrics News


Stakeholders see digital ID advantages, but work on standards needed, reports suggest

Businesses recognize the potential for digital IDs to revolutionize customer engagement. Approximately 75 percent of respondents to a new Regula…


Footprint makes a mark on ID verification market with $13M series A round

New York-based KYC and digital identity verification startup Footprint has announced a $13 million Series A funding round led by…


Pindrop claims up to 99% accuracy detecting synthetic voice fraud plaguing call centers

Pindrop has released its 2024 Voice Intelligence and Security Report, and its conclusions will come as no surprise to anyone…


Real-time remote biometrics banned in EU with final green light for AI Act

The European Union’s Artificial Intelligence Act received a final green light allowing it to become the world’s first major regulation…


Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa unveiled as host of 2025 ID4Africa AGM

It’s not only the case with sporting events like the FIFA World Cup, or the Olympic Games. The host of…


Ryanair accused of GDPR violations with biometric passenger verification

Travel policy advocacy group eu travel tech has lodged a formal complaint with the French and Belgian Data Protection Authorities…


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Most Read This Week

Featured Company

Biometrics Insight, Opinion

Digital ID In-Depth

Biometrics White Papers

Biometrics Events